First of all, I kind of hate the word “diet.” It's often associated with a rigid way of eating for a specific time frame and usually involves giving up foods you love. Or at least that’s what most people think they have to do when they go on a diet, i.e. lose weight. And yes, eliminating certain foods may be beneficial to some people for specific health reasons, which could impact their weight loss. However, most people can dramatically change their body composition, improve their athletic performance, and feel better overall when they make simple, realistic changes by adopting healthier lifelong eating habits.
Having said all of that, do I think that tweaking what you eat to reach certain goals is a bad thing? Of course not. In fact, it’s a great skill to have. When you listen to your body and figure out how you respond to certain foods, and especially how to time your meals properly to fuel your workouts, that’s where the magic happens. For example, I have figured out that I don’t do well following a strict Whole 30/Paleo style of eating. It leaves me feeling sluggish and hangry and my gym performance suffers. This girl needs her oatmeal! Plus, I don’t feel bad when I add in a little wheat or dairy. I’d say 90-ish percent of what I eat does fall into the Whole 30/Paleo category, and I usually opt for gluten free and low sugar options, but I allow myself to add in things like cereal, yogurt, and even the occasional donut. Admittedly, sometimes my definition of “occasional” may come into question, but you gotta live your life. And if I’m still meeting my performance goals, who cares? Not me!
Here is a quick breakdown of what I feel are not only the most popular eating methods today, but also the most realistic and healthy approaches:
Paleo: This is a way of eating focusing on real, whole, minimally processed foods that support gut health, hormonal balance, stable energy, and lean body mass. Approved foods are meat, seafood, eggs, veggies, fruit, healthy fats. Banned foods include grains, legumes, dairy, added sugars, processed foods, and alcohol (although some will argue that 100% agave tequila is approved, so… just gonna leave that bit of info there).
Whole 30: A month-long elimination plan created by Dallas and Melissa Hartwig, the strategy is to help people learn about their relationships with potentially problematic foods, then develop a plan for which foods to avoid long-term and which to reintroduce. It’s basically a super clean version of Paleo. Whole 30 advises to “eat moderate portions of meat, seafood, and eggs; lots of vegetables; some fruit; plenty of natural fats; and herbs, spices, and seasonings. Eat foods with very few ingredients, all pronounceable ingredients, or better yet, no ingredients listed at all because they’re whole and unprocessed.” The same banned foods for Paleo apply here, with the added no-nos of no alcohol; no carrageenan, MSG, or sulfites; as well as no baked goods, junk foods, or treats with “approved” ingredients.
Zone: Invented by Dr. Barry Sears, the Zone advocates eating five times a day, with three meals and two snacks, and includes eating proteins, carbohydrates (those with a lower glycemic index are considered more favorable), and fats (monounsaturated fats are considered healthier) in a caloric ratio of 30%-40%-30%. Meals are made up of blocks: one block of protein is 7 grams; one block of carbohydrates is 9 grams; one block of fat is 1.5 grams (actually 3 grams, but you go with 1.5 to account for fat “hidden” in protein). This will require you to weigh and measure your food at first, but they do offer a list on their website of several foods that will always be counted as a certain number of blocks, which makes putting meals together a lot easier.
Macro Counting/If It Fits Your Macros (IIFYM): Macros is basically shorthand for macronutrients, a term used to describe the three key food groups we all require for our bodies to function: carbohydrates (to fuel energy), fats (to keep you satiated), and proteins (to build and repair muscle). To maintain, lose, or even gain weight, many people rely on counting macros to make sure they're eating correctly. When counting macros, you simply add up how many grams of fat, protein and carbs you ate that day and hit your numbers. Apps like My Fitness Pal are very helpful for this, and you will need a food scale. Like, 97% of the time.
So, how do you know what course of action is best for you? Trial and error. It’s taken me a few years to figure out on which “style” of eating I am most successful. And, to some degree, all of the approaches I tried worked, which has usually been geared toward weight loss. However, when I decided to take my performance in CrossFit more seriously, I experimented with vegetarian/vegan, Paleo, Zone, Whole 30, etc., and eventually found a healthy balance in macro counting with a loose Zone influence, eating mainly whole foods and timing most of my carbs before and after my workouts. That works for me and, most importantly, I don’t feel deprived and overwhelmed. My advice would be to give these lifestyles (again, I hate the word diet!) I’ve mentioned above a try and find out which one you like the most. Keep in mind: Success is going to come with consistency, and consistency is going to heavily depend on your sanity, so whatever option that is for you, figure it out and do it.
Thanks for reading!
Claire (Office Manager at Athletes' Potential, CrossFit Coach, Performance Nutrition Enthusiast)
To quote Dr. Kirk Parsley, renown sleep expert who improved the sleep of some of the most revered badasses on the planet, navy seals, “Sleep affects everything you do and everything is affected positively by better sleep”.
As snake oil-like as it may sound, good quality sleep literally improves everything: every marker on a blood panel, weight management, sport performance and recovery, productivity, and numerous types of disease management. The list goes on and on, yet the percentage of sleep deprived Americans, particularly in Urban areas, continues to rise at an alarming rate. In fact, the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that more than 30% of Americans are sleep deprived getting fewer than 6 hours of sleep per night, and that’s a problem. Study after study proves that we need 7-9 hours of sleep per night in to recover appropriately and prevent the many negative consequences that come from sleep deprivation.
I see people with sleep deprivation all the time in the clinic. Parents with young children, serial entrepreneurs and CEOs, students cramming for exams, and countless people who simply have a hard time “turning on their off switch” in order to fall asleep. However, in many of these cases when we have these patients make dedicated efforts to average 7-9 hours of sleep per night for just one week, something wild happens. All of a sudden their back pain isn’t as severe, or their elbow pain thats nagged them for weeks is no longer there, or their knees no longer hurt when they squat. The benefits of good sleep cannot be understated, and the mechanisms behind how sleep benefits you and what exactly goes on while you sleep are both complex and incredibly fascinating, but that’s for a later article.
One of the biggest reasons adults have difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep is because they lack Sleep Hygiene, which is simply having the appropriate routine to put themselves in an environment to promote sleep.
For those of you reading this who have young children, think about their night time routine. You give them a bath, brush their teeth, tuck them in, read them a story, and give them a kiss and rub on the back as you shut off the lights.
Now compare this to what we do as adults. Read emails on our computers, watch our favorite show or sports team, check our social media feeds, and then immediately try to get in bed and fall asleep. No bueno.
Just like when we were kids, we need to have good sleep hygiene as adults, and below you’ll find the top two ways to do just that put yourself in a better position to optimize your sleep.
Optimize your Environment:
In order to optimize you sleeping environment, you must do three things: Make it dark; make it cold; make it quiet.
Create A 10-Minute Routine:
This isn’t some crazy, convoluted process. In fact, it’s the exact opposite. Your nightly routine should be something that you will be able to perform on a consistent basis and be easily replicable regardless if your at your home or in a hotel room. This could literally be something as easy as drinking a cup of your favorite (non-caffeinated) drink, performing light stretches, reading a book, or working on various breathing techniques. However there are some simple rules to keep in mind with your routine.
Consistency is key with your night time routine. We are creatures of habit, and after doing the same routine a few times in a row your body will start to recognize that your winding down to sleep and will up-regulate the the portion of your brain responsible for helping you fall asleep.
Just like with sleep and healthy eating, the number one reason I hear in our clinic here in Decatur, GA is that people don’t have enough time. Well, your health is pretty important and you only get one body...you need to take care of it. Sleep is a crucial part of that process and should be made a priority in your life. Just try the steps we covered in this article for seven days straight, start optimizing your health, and feel great in the process!
Thanks for reading,
Back pain is such a common complaint that we treat, but what if I told you that back pain can be caused by pelvic floor dysfunction? First, it is important to remember that pain does not equal damage. Second, it is not unusual to experience pain in a different area from where the dysfunction lies. This could be referred from another area or a secondary effect to moving in a weird way due to the dysfunctional area.
Cause and effect in this case is very similar to asking “Which came first, the chicken or the egg?”. What we can state confidently, is that your back and your pelvic floor go hand-in-hand. Studies show that folks with low back pain have decreased pelvic floor function compared to those without back pain. Could this be pelvic floor inhibition due to the back pain? Can weakness or over-tension or control issues of the pelvic floor be causing the back pain?
For many, the pelvic floor is very nebulous. What is it anyway? Where is it? What does it look like? Do only women have them? Males do have pelvic floors, but the anatomy is different. For this post, we will referring specifically to the female pelvic floor. But guys- you too can have pelvic floor dysfunction! This image below is a great look at the female pelvic floor and it’s close relationship to the other pelvic and lumbar spine architecture.
The pelvic floor helps to support the weight of your organs, helps with toileting and sexual function, and influences posture and control through pressure within the core. Weakness, over-tension, spasm or damage to the pelvic floor will change the support of the sacroiliac (SI) joint and the forces that we create through the lumbar spine.
If you have addressed your lumbar spine without much change in symptoms, go a different route! Keep in mind, there are other signs of pelvic floor dysfunction, other than leaking urine or back pain. They include painful sex, frequent constipation, the feeling of heaviness in the vagina with jumping/running/bearing down etc.
Addressing the Pelvic Floor
There are 3 areas to cover that address your pelvic floor in a functional way -- position, breathing and bracing. All of these can be applied to any athlete in any setting.
Position- Keeping the ribcage stacked over the pelvis is an important position to maintain, regardless of activity. This sets the canister (“core”) up for optimal function- meaning the diaphragm, pelvic floor, abs and back muscles can work harmoniously to lift the most weight, support the spine and minimize pressure on the pelvic floor.
Breathing- Diaphragmatic breathing is essential for pelvic floor function and decreasing pain around the low back. The pelvic floor mirrors the movement of the diaphragm, so it is a simple way to relax a tight pelvic floor. Also, two major muscles that run from the ribs to the pelvis also have connections to the diaphragm. So deep breaths can work as a gentle mobilization!
Bracing- How do you prepare for heavy loads or challenging positions? If you simply hold your breath and go, you are missing an opportunity to create more tension! Or if you are holding your breath for a position that should not require that much power, you are increasing the workload on your pelvic floor and back for no reason. For example, preparing to lift a couch versus preparing to lift a pencil.
Put simply, if you are lifting something heavy, holding your breath is fair game. IF you do it correctly. If you experience symptoms- low back pain, leaking, heaviness- then do not hold your breath until you seek help for how to correctly brace. Knock the weight down or the mileage down to a place that you do not have symptoms and work there until your tolerance improves.
If you notice you are holding your breath with lifting a small object, such as your purse, then let’s talk breathing. Breathing out on exertion for a task like this will help the pelvic floor contract reflexively and can keep symptoms at bay. Try it out!
Big picture: Back pain does NOT equal back injury. It is very likely that back pain can be decreased and function improved with addressing the pelvic floor as it work with the low back muscles. Check out these simple ways to check your position, breathing and bracing. Often times, pain is a product of HOW you are moving.
If you take a crack at it yourself but just can’t seem to find improvement, reach out to us at Athletes’ Potential. We work with people like you every day to get them back to high functioning lives without pain and with a better understanding of how to move their body.
Thanks for reading!
It’s been well researched and well documented that surgery is over utilized in the United States. Whether for your knee, back, shoulder, or ankle, it is far too common for people to rush to the operating table when, in many cases, conservative treatment (physical therapy) has been shown to have equal or better outcomes. Let's look at back surgery as an example. If you take 3 random people off the street who have absolutely no back pain, one of them is going to a “herniated disc” show up on an MRI scan. This means disc herniations may not always be the cause of someone’s low back pain, yet 500,000 people opt to have back surgery every year, often times with minimal or no relief.
That being said, there is obviously a time and a place for surgery. Depending on a number of different variables (age, activity level, mechanism of injury, etc), sometimes surgery can absolutely be the best treatment option for you. What most people fail to understand though is that surgery is the easy part...all you have to do is get stuck with an IV and the next thing you know you wake up in the recovery room. Returning to your previous level of performance is the hard part, and it’s the hard part primarily because of the incredible amount of muscle atrophy (loss of muscle mass) that occurs after a surgery. In as little as two weeks a surgically repaired limb goes into a state of anabolic resistance and protein synthesis shuts down, leading to a 30% loss of muscle mass in that limb. Because of this rapid and extreme loss in muscle mass, muscle atrophy has a profound impact on a patient's rehabilitation, and sometimes patients never fully recover.
Historically, muscle atrophy has been a battle that physical therapists, athletic trainers, and strength coaches alike have struggled to win. Just the other day I was working with a patient who is extremely active and fit, but had a knee surgery over 15 years ago and still had a significant side-to-side difference in leg size. However, there’s a revolutionary piece of equipment that is taking the world of physical therapy by storm, on that’s allowing healthcare professionals to prevent this initial 30% loss of muscle mass from even happening in the first place, Personalized Blood Flow Restriction Training.
I go more into detail about what exactly Personalized Blood Flow Restriction Training (PBFRT) is in my previous article, but in a nutshell PBFRT is the use a modified surgical tourniquet to occlude a percentage of the arterial flow into a limb to trick your body into thinking it’s doing something much harder than it actually is.
So why is personalized blood flow restriction training so revolutionizing when it comes to surgery? It prevents the significant muscle atrophy from even happening in the first place.
In normal circumstances it takes 8-12 weeks of high intensity strength training (>65% of your one rep max) to get improved strength and muscle size from, you can see how this would be an issue for someone recovering from a surgery. When you have a surgery, you’re going to go through a period of time where it simply isn’t feasible, nor safe, to lift the weight required to increase muscle size. This is where PBFRT comes in.
Say you’ve torn your ACL. With an ACL reconstruction, for the first few weeks the “strengthening” component of your rehabilitation will include simple exercises like seated knee extensions, mini squats, and heel raises. None of these exercises are going to make you a stronger functioning human, because none of these are at a high enough intensity level to cause the biological responses needed to increase muscle size and strength. However, if we put on a blood flow restriction device, and do these exact same exercises, we cause the following:
There are about 200 published research articles in 15 different countries that have demonstrate the benefits of personalized blood flow restriction training and we are seeing those benefits every day here in the clinic. Whether it’s helping someone who has years of atrophy as a result of surgery or we’re preventing the atrophy from even happening in the first place, the results we’re seeing are simply incredible. If you’re living in Atlanta, and you’ve had surgery or are struggling to get your strength back after a surgery, we’d love to help you. Give us a call at 470-355-2106 or fill out the contact request form and we’ll contact you.
Thanks for reading,
Shoulder volume: This is the first thing that comes to mind with I have the opportunity to work with youth swimmers. A typical club or high school swim team will average around 40,000 to 60,000 yards in a week of practice and the average athlete will have a stroke count of about 12-15 strokes per 25 yards, giving you a range of 19,200 to 36,000 strokes per week...that’s a TON of volume on the shoulders!
With such a high demand on swimmers’ shoulders, injuries are incredibly common, so common in fact experts coined the term “swimmer’s shoulder” as an umbrella diagnosis. That being said though there are a number of steps you can take to prevent injury, the most crucial of which being to improve your movement efficiency. Movement efficiency is key to not just preventing injury, put to improving performance. Think of it this way. Performing 36,000 strokes a week with poor mechanics is like trying to drive a Ferrari with the handbrake on; sure, you’ll still be able move and potentially even move pretty damn fast, but you’re going to leave a ton of performance on the table and you’re going to break down way quicker and more often.
In order to know to know where a deficiency is happening, you must break down each stroke into its component parts. For the sake of this article, we will focus on freestyle. Each freestyle stroke can be broken down into five main phases:
When looking over all the different component phases that make up a freestyle swimming stroke, something becomes abundantly clear… internal rotation is crucial. From the catch phase all the way through the recovery phase, internal rotation is necessary in order to perform the freestyle stroke effectively and efficiently. That’s why you’re always hearing your coaches scream out cues like “keep a high elbow”, “drag your fingers”, “point your elbow to the the ceiling”, all those are various cues for internal rotation.
The problem is though, we see a ton of swimmers who are missing adequate internal rotation. When you’re missing internal rotation and you try to go into a “hang position” (see picture above) you will compensate by dipping your shoulder forward. This is big problem because when you dip your shoulder forward you’re putting your rotator cuff in a weakened position, putting unneeded stress on your biceps tendon and labrum, and decreasing your power output. Add all that together and multiply it 36,000 strokes you're doing in an average week and it becomes easy to see why this is a recipe for disaster.
So how do you know if you’re missing internal rotation and what can you do if you are? Well, check out the video below to assess your shoulder range of motion and see if you hit the minimum of 70 degrees of internal rotation we like to see our athletes to hit. If you don’t have the needed range or it is a struggle to get there, check out the following two videos for a couple of our favorite ways to improve your shoulder rotation.
(Internal Rotation Self-Assessment):
(Internal Rotation Superfriend Stretch):
(Banded Internal Rotation Stretch):
Lacking internal rotation is one of the main reasons why we see swimmers, especially youth swimmers, in our clinic in Decatur, GA. However, the shoulder is an incredibly complex joint and there could be a number of reasons in addition to a lack of internal rotation causing pain in a swimmer’s shoulders. If you’re still struggling with shoulder pain or noticing a decrease in performance after working on your shoulder internal rotation you live we’d love to help. Simply give us a call at 470-355-2106 or fill out the contact request form below and we’d be happy to contact you.
Thanks for reading,
At some point you were probably a young athlete with aspirations of playing a sport in college or even professionally.
Think back to that time and answer this question as your 15-year-old self.
Would you rather run faster or be less likely to get hurt?
If you were anything like me at a 15-year-old kid, an injury was probably the last thing you cared about. When we’re 15 we are bulletproof. We’re borderline superheroes with mega amounts of hormones flowing through our system that help us grow, recover, and have tons of energy. If you had tried to sell me on injury prevention program, I would have laughed at you and walked away (yes I was a little jerk at 15).
Now, let’s talk about development of speed. If you had asked me at 15 if I wanted to be faster, I would have been all ears. I once spent 6 weeks doing a program to improve my vertical jump when I was 16 years old. My family was living in an apartment in Columbus, Georgia at the time. We had a storage garage in the apartment complex. I would go there everyday over the summer and do different plyometric jumping exercises onto a metal ladder because I didn’t have a box to jump on. I wanted the glory of being able to jump higher, run faster and being an overall better athlete.
Here’s the interesting part about performance improvement and injury prevention. If done correctly, performance improvement and injury prevention are the same exact thing.
Let’s take the example of a 15-year-old female soccer player for this next example. Let’s say that every time she lands or changes direction her knee caves in. This is a strong indicator that this athlete has an increased likelihood of having an ACL tear.
To correct this we can improve landing mechanics, hip strength, foot and ankle control and general body positioning awareness. To do so, this athlete would need to complete a structured program to develop these weaknesses in her athletic movement.
Now on the other hand, an athlete that has knee collapse when they cut will also be slower and less efficient. So, if we take this same athlete through a structured program to decrease their ACL injury risk, they also get faster. This means they will win more ball challenges. They will be able to jump higher and change direction faster. They will become an overall better mover and athlete on the field.
The program is not the hard part. Buy in from the athlete is where the real magic is. If you can get a 15-year-old athlete(tough sell) to buy in on your program, you win.
Buy in is a concept of getting our athletes to do what we want. It’s phrasing things correctly to gain the trust of that athlete. WIth trust comes effort and with effort comes results.
It’s sort of like when I want my 5-year-old son to do something. I could ask him to clean his room and it’s likely that he will do it. Now, if I ask him to clean his room and tell him I’m timing him to see how fast he can do it, I get a much better result. One step further, if I tell him I’m timing him and his sister is cleaning her room at the same time, we now have competition. Competition between kids can be a gold mine of buy in.
If you’re reading this and you have an adolescent kid playing a sport in the Decatur, Georgia area, we need to talk. We see countless youth athletes from sports like soccer, lacrosse, swimming, baseball, football, golf and even ultimate frisbee! Each one of these athletes comes to us because of an injury. Almost all of these athletes lacked basic movement coordination that lead to the injury.
It’s hard to get your kids to listen to you. You can tell them all day to do exercises to decrease their likelihood of injury. It’s very unlikely they will take action and implement what you tell them.
Send them to Athletes’ Potential and we delve into how to improve their performance on the field. We use a unique a proprietary athlete assessment to isolate where the strength and movement limitations are. We get them strong, moving well and winning more. One really nice side effect to all of this is….they become significantly less likely to have an injury.
Now it’s your turn to make a decision. Do you wait for your youth athlete to get hurt or do you proactively get them checked out? The decision is yours and time starts now.
Give us a call at 470-355-2106 or request to chat with one of our Doctors for free by clicking on the link below.
Thanks for reading,
With over 3 million registered athletes under the age of 19, soccer is one of the fastest growing youth sports in the United States, especially here in Atlanta (if you haven’t made it out to an Atlanta United game yet, put that at the top of your to-do list!). Along with its increase in popularity, youth soccer has drastically changed over the past 25 years. We are now seeing youth athletes play at higher intensity levels than ever before and, because of year round premier leagues and clubs, are doing so with less time to recover. This rise in popularity and increased physical demand is a recipe for disaster. In fact, a recent study found that from 1990 to 2014 total number of recorded injuries in youth soccer players skyrocketed by 111 percent, with the vast majority (80%) involving the musculoskeletal system.
These statistics should absolutely be eye-opening, but fear mongering is not the point of this article, quite the contrary. Youth soccer players are some of the most fun and competitive people I work with, and with some basic understanding of preventive techniques we can help stop injuries from occurring in the first place and boost performance along the way.
Lower extremity injuries are by far the most injuries I see in the clinic when working with youth soccer players. In soccer your hips are your power house and they constantly take a beating due to all the changes in directions, kicks, passes, lateral movements, and rapid accelerations and decelerations. Not surprisingly, because of these demands, the muscles around the hip are some of the most susceptible to injury (hamstrings, groin, etc).
To prevent injuries and improve the performance of your hips there are two main components you want to look at: hip mobility and hip stability.
Good hip mobility means your hips are capable of moving uninhibited and pain-free throughout their full range of motion. There are a number of directions your hip needs to have good movement in and there are many reasons your hip may be limited, but two of the most common problems I see in the clinic are limited hip internal rotation and tight hip flexors. Let’s take a look at a couple quick ways to check your out these two problem areas
The above picture shows how to check your hip internal rotation. To perform the test correctly you want to:
You are looking to get about 40-45 of hip internal rotation and if you can’t get to a minimum of 40 degrees, then the mobility drill shown below is for you.
There are a number of ways to test and see if you have limited hip flexor mobility, but a safe and simple way to do so is demonstrated in the picture below. To perform this test correctly you want to:
If the leg you’ve lowered down cannot easily touch the table of your knee has to straighten in order to get your leg to the table, then try the mobility drill below.
Any time you do a mobility drill, you’ll want to perform a re-try the testing positions we went over to see if you notice a difference. If you do notice a difference great!, you’ll want to add that mobility work to your daily routine and can be done as part of your warm-up. However, If you’re not noticing an improvement than these specific mobility drills may not be the best option for you and you might want to give us a call.
Hip stability can mean a variety of things, but for the purpose of this article hip stability means being able to load and control your hip joint throughout its available range of motion. In other words, to prevent injuries from happening, not only must you be able to move throughout an acceptable range of motion, but you must be control the forces you exert throughout that range of motion. Poor hip stability is a huge problem in youth soccer and is a main reason why you’ll have experience a soft tissue injury such as a hamstring strain or pulled groin. Below you’ll find three exercises that target specific movements commonly found in soccer and are a great addition to your warm up before a game or practice.
The goal of any injury prevention program should be to first make sure you can move through an appropriate range of motion and then to make you strong through that range. At our clinic in Decatur, GA we have successfully treated numerous youth soccer players, and when we do we make sure we arm them with the knowledge and ability to stay healthy and keep competing out on the field versus with us in the clinic. If you’re in the Atlanta area and you either play soccer or have a child who plays soccer and you’d like to learn more about how to prevent injuries or overcome an existing injury, give us a call at 470-355-2106 or fill out the contact request form below and we will be happy to contact you.
Thanks for reading,
To put it bluntly, being strong makes life easier. Humans don’t have the ability to create more muscle fibers (hyperplasia), so in order to get stronger we have to work tediously to increase the size of our existing muscle fibers (hypertrophy). According to the American Academy of Sports Medicine, gaining strength through hypertrophy takes 8-12 weeks of moderate to high intensity resistance training (>65% of your one rep max) utilizing 8-10 upper and lower body exercises at a rate 2-3 times per week.
A relatively easy formula to follow; right? Well, what happens when you are recovering from an injury and can’t safely use loads heavy enough to improve strength and size? Or when you’re an athlete who is in-season and can’t tolerate the drop in performance associated with the muscle soreness that follows heavy lifting?
Up until now those have been troubling questions for medical professionals and strength coaches alike. However, there is a new tool with over 160 peer reviewed research studies and documented success across the military, college, and professional sports arenas; something that is creating increased size and strength in as little as two weeks and is completely changing the game of how professionals approach rehab and sports performance…Personalized Blood Flow Restriction Training (PBFRT).
What is Personalized Blood Flow Restriction Training and How Does it Work?
PBFRT is the brief and intermittent use of a tourniquet in order to restrict the amount of blood flow from coming into your limb (arterial flow) while performing low-load resistance training. There are numerous types of blood flow restriction devices available, but the gold standard occlusion device is the Delphi Personal Occlusion Tourniquet. The Delphi Personal Occlusion Tourniquet the only device have FDA approval to be safely used for medical use and is essentially a modified surgical tourniquet that contains a doppler system. This doppler system allows so you read a person’s arterial flow in live time, so you know exactly how much blood you are occluding, and it will adjust its pressure automatically throughout an exercise to maintain a designated percentage of occlusion that is personalized to each individual person.
The way PBFRT works is it reduces the amount of oxygenated blood reaching a working muscle in order to trick your body into thinking it’s working at a higher intensity than it actually is. By using this form of engineered suffering you’re able to use extremely light resistance and still get the same increases in size and strength as lifting at higher intensities with heavy weight! Exactly how this happens is laid out below:
So who exactly would benefit from Personalized Blood Flow Restriction Training?
Personalized blood flow restriction training has been one of the largest advancements for injury rehabilitation and sports performance and we are so excited to offer it at our clinic in Decatur, GA. Whether you are training through a nagging injury or preparing for your next triathlon, we would love to help you achieve your performance goals. Give us a call at 470-355-2106 or fill out the contact request form below and we will be happy to contact you.
Thanks for reading,
Females are up to 7x more likely to tear their ACL playing sports than males.
Soccer and basketball are the leading sports in ACL tears.
These statistics should really make you raise your eyebrows. Studies about ACL tears showed that over 50% of female soccer players tore their ACL through their career. Why is it so prevalent? Is there something you can do to help keep your daughter’s knee healthy?
The truth of the matter is- we are very different than men, in many ways! But there are some factors that predispose females to knee injuries.
Anatomical Make-up: Female have wider hips that makes it more common for girls to be “knock-kneed”. This can lead to collapsed arches or knees caving in with jumping and cutting- a serious threat to the integrity of the ACL. Females are generally smaller than males, meaning the ACL itself will be smaller and thus more prone to injury.
More Flexible: Females tend to have hyper-mobile joints. This is sometimes called “double jointed” but can be more than that. If very flexible, each joint will allow extra movement that leads to decreased stability and usually less strength.
Less Motor Control: This goes right along with flexibility and strength, but decrease motor control means females are less likely to know how to move their body in space. There is not as much awareness about the movement at the joint, thus are more likely/able to move in extreme ranges of motion.
Hormones: After onset of menstruation, it is likely that your daughter’s performance will ebb and flow with her cycle. It is possible that in the lower performance window of her cycle, she will be more likely to sustain an injury. As preteens and teenagers grow and develop, they require adequate recovery, rest, nutrition for health. Unfortunately, this overlaps with a time when many athletes are playing their sport at every season with little rest and no time to recover.
Lack of Warm-Up: Many student-athletes are sitting 7 hours during the day then jumping on the field with little to no warm up. Group warm-ups tends to be very general and not including stability, strength and power development that they need! Coaches are often focused on skill development at this stage rather than fundamental strength and conditioning.
What can you do to decrease your daughter’s risk of an ACL tear?
If your daughter is playing sports, she is already 7x more likely than her male classmate to experience this injury. Many of the differences that contribute to ACL injuries are simply anatomical and physiological differences that we can’t alter. However, there are some variables we can control, or at least mitigate: strength and conditioning training, proper warm ups and instruction, adequate rest and nutrition for optimal performance.
If your daughter’s coach(es) are not equipped or educated to focus on strength and conditioning, get her set up with a coach that understands her needs. Especially through the younger years, encourage her to play multiple sports with different seasons and demands on her body. As much as she focuses on training and practice, instill the importance of nutrition and rest!
At Athletes’ Potential, we work with many student athletes, females and males alike! We understand the unique gender differences and biomechanical demands for performance enhancement. If you want your kid to be faster, stronger, better and less likely to sustain a season-ending injury, then give us a call!
Thanks for reading,
Which type of exercise is the best for you?
Let me start by saying that I am supporter of all fitness and physical activity. Admittedly, I tend to stick to the type of exercise I enjoy (and succeed at) and rarely step out of my comfort zone. As more “genres” of fitness become popular, I find that I get more questions from patients about which is good and which is bad. I’ve yet to find any bad kinds, it just depends on your preferences.
When choosing the best type of fitness for you it comes down to a few things:
Over the past month, I decided to step out of my comfort zone and try some new classes. I am already familiar with weightlifting, CrossFit and yoga, but there are some that I have never experienced, such as barre, pilates and TRX. I visited some local spots; I rated each of them for difficulty, ability to modify and what benefits the class will have for you. These are unofficial scales and completely biased, but here’s what I experienced:
Pilates @ Stellar Bodies Buckhead
Walking into a room of these was a bit intimidating. These are called Reformers. The platform is called the carriage. Much of the class is moving the carriage while stabilizing part of your body. For example, one leg remains still while the other pushes the carriage out and pulls it back in for a lunge. My core and hips were burning within about 2 minutes of the class starting. The high paced class and energetic music creates the beat for many of the movements.
When I needed modifications or more in-depth directions, the instructor was able to help me while still keeping the class moving. It was a great workout and I was definitely humbled by some of the other pilates peeps. Let me say, for 3 days I couldn’t cough or laugh without feeling my obliques!
Difficulty level 8/10 Ability to modify- Easy Goal- core and leg strength, muscular endurance
TRX @ Pace23
These straps are the suspension system used for all TRX classes. For nearly every movement, either your arms or your feet will be using the straps. The instructor demonstrated the movements then we would go through a complex- something like single leg squat, jump squats and wall sits- for a song or a specific rep count. My hips and legs were definitely feeling the work, but what I found as a welcomed surprise was the shoulder workout! Even when exercising the lower half, you are to keep tension in the straps. Similar to the picture, we went through a complex with rows, high rows and bicep curls. There were plenty of options for modifications and the intensity can be increased or decreased with body position.
Difficulty level 7/10 Ability to modify- Easy Goal- overall strength, muscular endurance
Barre class @ Pure Barre Decatur
This could be an inviting atmosphere for those with experience in dance. Once we got into the thick of it, it felt somewhat like a club- girl power music and low level lighting. They promised a whole body workout when I arrived, and that it was! You have a little ball, loop bands and light hand weights to use throughout the class. There are leg and shoulder specific sections but always with a core focus. Again, fast paced music that sets the count for the movements. The instructors will demonstrate and come by to help you modify. For your first couple of classes, you may have to pause and check out what your neighbor is doing!
They often use the cue to “tuck” your pelvis. Recently it has been challenged by PTs regarding that position. Here is my thought- rather than tucking past “midline”, they cue the tuck to ensure that you are not over-extending your low back (or sticking your booty out) which can happen as the core fatigues. What is not ideal, is tucking the pelvis and holding throughout the class. I confirmed this with the coach—who is coincidentally a PT student!
Difficulty level 7/10 Ability to modify- Moderate Goal- core strength, muscular endurance
There was an obvious theme with these new-to-me fitness classes: abs on fire and holding hips in an engaged position. This is definitely a contrast to my usual training of CrossFit and weightlifting where moving quickly and being explosive are the general themes.
CrossFit & HIIT Training
Known for being “for everyone,” CrossFit is easy to scale and can be applied to any population. That being said, should everyone CrossFit? I say no. Is it what you enjoy? Does it help you reach your goals? Is it sustainable? If any of these are a no, then look to other options.
If you are interested in CrossFit or high-intensity training there are many options as well. Here is Atlanta there are loads of CrossFit gyms, Irontribe, kettlebell classes, powerlifting gyms, etc.
Here are some gyms in the area that offer these type of classes:
Move Functional Fitness
Form Yoga- can’t forget the yoga!
These are a few gyms that we have had experience with and we suggest to our patients that inquire about the best fitness classes around town. My suggestion is to go and try all different types. Most of these gyms offer the first class or first week for free! Take advantage and go get some fitness!
Thanks for reading,
Dr. Danny and Dr. Jackie's views on performance improvement, injury prevention and sometimes other random thoughts.